By Egon Friedell
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's enormous A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 international wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries coated during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, warfare, even morality, poetry, and faith. All structures of inspiration produced during this century, both start with the scientifi c outlook as their beginning or regard it as their maximum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In traditional use, by means of "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial levels have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is definitely understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all pursuits directed opposed to what has been dominant and conventional. Th e goals of such routine have been home improvement the nation and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause by means of sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency will be visible as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity maintains Friedell's dramatic historical past of the using forces of the 20 th century.
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